[uh-bas-id, ab-uh-sid]
a member of a dynasty of caliphs ruling at Baghdad, a.d. 750–1258, governing most of the Islamic world and claiming descent from Abbas, uncle of Muhammad.
Also, Abbassid, Abbasside [uh-bas-ahyd, ab-uh-sahyd] .

< Arabic (al-)ʿabbās + -id1 Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
Abbasid (ˈæbəˌsɪd, əˈbæsɪd)
a.  any caliph of the dynasty that ruled the Muslim empire from Baghdad (750--1258) and claimed descent from Abbas, uncle of Mohammed
 b.  (as modifier): the Abbasid dynasty

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