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abdicate

[ab-di-keyt] /ˈæb dɪˌkeɪt/
verb (used without object), abdicated, abdicating.
1.
to renounce or relinquish a throne, right, power, claim, responsibility, or the like, especially in a formal manner:
The aging founder of the firm decided to abdicate.
verb (used with object), abdicated, abdicating.
2.
to give up or renounce (authority, duties, an office, etc.), especially in a voluntary, public, or formal manner:
King Edward VIII of England abdicated the throne in 1936.
Origin
1535-1545
1535-45; < Latin abdicātus renounced (past participle of abdicāre), equivalent to ab- ab- + dicātus proclaimed (dic- (see dictum) + -ātus -ate1)
Related forms
abdicable
[ab-di-kuh-buh l] /ˈæb dɪ kə bəl/ (Show IPA),
adjective
abdicative
[ab-di-key-tiv, -kuh-] /ˈæb dɪˌkeɪ tɪv, -kə-/ (Show IPA),
adjective
abdicator, noun
nonabdicative, adjective
unabdicated, adjective
unabdicating, adjective
unabdicative, adjective
Can be confused
abdicate, abrogate, arrogate, derogate.
Synonyms
1. resign, quit. 2. abandon, repudiate.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for abdicator

abdicate

/ˈæbdɪˌkeɪt/
verb
1.
to renounce (a throne, power, responsibility, rights, etc), esp formally
Derived Forms
abdicable (ˈæbdɪkəbəl) adjective
abdication, noun
abdicative (æbˈdɪkətɪv) adjective
abdicator, noun
Word Origin
C16: from the past participle of Latin abdicāre to proclaim away, disclaim
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for abdicator

abdicate

v.

1540s, "to disown, disinherit (children)," from Latin abdicatus, past participle of abdicare "to disown, disavow, reject" (specifically abdicare magistratu "renounce office"), from ab- "away" (see ab-) + dicare "proclaim," from stem of dicere "to speak, to say" (see diction). Meaning "divest oneself of office" first recorded 1610s. Related: Abdicated; abdicating.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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