abide by

abide

[uh-bahyd]
verb (used without object), abode or abided, abiding.
1.
to remain; continue; stay: Abide with me.
2.
to have one's abode; dwell; reside: to abide in a small Scottish village.
3.
to continue in a particular condition, attitude, relationship, etc.; last.
verb (used with object), abode or abided, abiding.
4.
to put up with; tolerate; stand: I can't abide dishonesty!
5.
to endure, sustain, or withstand without yielding or submitting: to abide a vigorous onslaught.
6.
to wait for; await: to abide the coming of the Lord.
7.
to accept without opposition or question: to abide the verdict of the judges.
8.
to pay the price or penalty of; suffer for.
Verb phrases
9.
abide by,
a.
to act in accord with.
b.
to submit to; agree to: to abide by the court's decision.
c.
to remain steadfast or faithful to; keep: If you make a promise, abide by it.

Origin:
before 1000; Middle English abiden, Old English ābīdan; cognate with Old High German irbītan await, Gothic usbeisns expectation, patience. See a-3, bide

abider, noun


1. tarry. 2. live. 3. persevere, endure. 4. bear, endure, brook; support.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
abide (əˈbaɪd)
 
vb (foll by by) , abides, abiding, abode, abided
1.  (tr) to tolerate; put up with
2.  (tr) to accept or submit to; suffer: to abide the court's decision
3.  a.  to comply (with): to abide by the decision
 b.  to remain faithful (to): to abide by your promise
4.  (intr) to remain or continue
5.  archaic (intr) to dwell
6.  archaic (tr) to await in expectation
7.  archaic (tr) to withstand or sustain; endure: to abide the onslaught
 
[Old English ābīdan, from a- (intensive) + bīdan to wait, bide]
 
a'bidance
 
n
 
a'bider
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

abide
O.E. abidan, gebidan "remain," from ge- completive prefix (denoting onward motion; see a- (1)) + bidan "bide, remain, wait, dwell" (see bide). Originally intransitive (with genitive of the object: we abidon his "we waited for him"); transitive sense
emerged in M.E. Meaning "to put up with" (now usually negative) first recorded 1520s. The historical conjugation is abide, abode, abidden, but the modern formation is now generally weak.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Idioms & Phrases

abide by

Accept and act in accordance with a decision or set of rules; also, remain faithful to. For example, All members must agree to abide by the club regulations, or A trustworthy man abides by his word. An older sense of the verb abide, "remain," is still familiar in the well-known 19th-century hymn "Abide with Me," which asks God to stay with the singer in time of trouble. [Early 1500s]

The American Heritage® Dictionary of Idioms by Christine Ammer.
Copyright © 1997. Published by Houghton Mifflin.
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