noun, plural abilities.
power or capacity to do or act physically, mentally, legally, morally, financially, etc.
competence in an activity or occupation because of one's skill, training, or other qualification: the ability to sing well.
abilities, talents; special skills or aptitudes: Composing music is beyond his abilities.

1350–1400; Middle English (h)abilite < Middle French < Latin habilitās aptitude, equivalent to habili(s) handy (see able) + -tās -ty2; replacing Middle English ablete < Old French < Latin, as above

subability, noun, plural subabilities.

ability, capacity.

1. capability; proficiency, expertness, dexterity. 2. Ability, faculty, talent denote qualifications or powers. Ability is a general word for power, native or acquired, enabling one to do things well: a person of great ability; ability in mathematics. Faculty denotes a natural ability for a particular kind of action: a faculty of saying what he means. Talent is often used to mean a native ability or aptitude in a special field: a talent for music or art.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
ability (əˈbɪlɪtɪ)
n , pl -ties
1.  possession of the qualities required to do something; necessary skill, competence, or power: the ability to cope with a problem
2.  considerable proficiency; natural capability: a man of ability
3.  (plural) special talents
[C14: from Old French from Latin habilitās aptitude, handiness, from habilisable]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

late 14c., from O.Fr. ableté "expert at handling (something)," from L. habilitatem (nom. habilitas) "aptitude," from habilis "easy to manage, handy" (see able). One case where a silent L. -h- failed to make a return in Eng. (despite efforts of 16c.-17c. scholars); see H.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Demonstrated leadership abilities along with excellent planning, interpersonal
  and communication skills are required.
Males also have better spatial abilities than females.
Researchers used high-speed cameras and slowed the video to study the jumping
  abilities of frogs.
Our abilities to do this peak-shifting visually may have evolved long ago in
  the earliest mammals or even before.
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