ability

[uh-bil-i-tee]
noun, plural abilities.
1.
power or capacity to do or act physically, mentally, legally, morally, financially, etc.
2.
competence in an activity or occupation because of one's skill, training, or other qualification: the ability to sing well.
3.
abilities, talents; special skills or aptitudes: Composing music is beyond his abilities.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English (h)abilite < Middle French < Latin habilitās aptitude, equivalent to habili(s) handy (see able) + -tās -ty2; replacing Middle English ablete < Old French < Latin, as above

subability, noun, plural subabilities.

ability, capacity.


1. capability; proficiency, expertness, dexterity. 2. Ability, faculty, talent denote qualifications or powers. Ability is a general word for power, native or acquired, enabling one to do things well: a person of great ability; ability in mathematics. Faculty denotes a natural ability for a particular kind of action: a faculty of saying what he means. Talent is often used to mean a native ability or aptitude in a special field: a talent for music or art.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
ability (əˈbɪlɪtɪ)
 
n , pl -ties
1.  possession of the qualities required to do something; necessary skill, competence, or power: the ability to cope with a problem
2.  considerable proficiency; natural capability: a man of ability
3.  (plural) special talents
 
[C14: from Old French from Latin habilitās aptitude, handiness, from habilisable]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

ability
late 14c., from O.Fr. ableté "expert at handling (something)," from L. habilitatem (nom. habilitas) "aptitude," from habilis "easy to manage, handy" (see able). One case where a silent L. -h- failed to make a return in Eng. (despite efforts of 16c.-17c. scholars); see H.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Demonstrated leadership abilities along with excellent planning, interpersonal
  and communication skills are required.
Males also have better spatial abilities than females.
Researchers used high-speed cameras and slowed the video to study the jumping
  abilities of frogs.
Our abilities to do this peak-shifting visually may have evolved long ago in
  the earliest mammals or even before.
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