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ablative1

[ab-luh-tiv] /ˈæb lə tɪv/
adjective
1.
(in some inflected languages) noting a case that has among its functions the indication of place from which or, as in Latin, place in which, manner, means, instrument, or agent.
noun
2.
the ablative case.
3.
a word in that case, as Troiā in Latin Aenēas Troiā vēnit, “Aeneas came from Troy.”.
Origin
late Middle English
1400-1450
1400-50; late Middle English < Latin ablātīvus. See ablate, -ive
Related forms
ablatival
[ab-luh-tahy-vuh l] /ˌæb ləˈtaɪ vəl/ (Show IPA),
adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for ablatival

ablative

/ˈæblətɪv/
adjective
1.
(in certain inflected languages such as Latin) denoting a case of nouns, pronouns, and adjectives indicating the agent in passive sentences or the instrument, manner, or place of the action described by the verb
noun
2.
  1. the ablative case
  2. a word or speech element in the ablative case
3.
taking away or removing: ablative surgery
4.
able to disintegrate or be worn away at a very high temperature: a thick layer of ablative material
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for ablatival

ablative

n.

mid-15c., from Middle French ablatif, from Latin (casus) ablativus "(case) of removal," expressing direction from a place or time, coined by Julius Caesar from ablatus "taken away," past participle of auferre "carrying away," from ab- "away" (see ab-) + irregular verb ferre (past participle latum; see oblate) "to carry, to bear" (see infer).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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