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abrasion

[uh-brey-zhuh n] /əˈbreɪ ʒən/
noun
1.
a scraped spot or area; the result of rubbing or abrading:
abrasions on his leg caused by falling on the gravel.
2.
the act or process of abrading.
Origin
1650-1660
1650-60; < Medieval Latin abrāsiōn- (stem of abrāsiō), equivalent to abrās(us) scraped off (past participle of abrādere; see abrade) + -iōn- -ion
Synonyms
1. sore, scrape, lesion. 2. rubbing, erosion.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for abrasions
  • It may be worth noting that a bristle toothbrush can cause micro-abrasions even when brushing gums gently.
  • The gloves serve two purposes: buffering road shock while you ride and minimizing abrasions in case of a fall.
  • No mouth or foot abrasions were found, indicating the dog did not try to escape.
  • The white bumps on a right whale's head are skin abrasions called callosities.
  • He was little and soggy and had abrasions all over his skinny body.
  • Diabetics should have their feet examined annually by a doctor and avoid shoes that cause abrasions and pressure.
  • Only a single study was located that compared the rate of skin abrasions on the new generation of artificial turf to natural turf.
  • Children can fall backwards or fall out of the high chair and suffer bumps and bruises to the head, abrasions, cuts and bruises.
  • The injuries included sprains to the back, shoulder and knees, and cuts and abrasions to various parts of the body.
  • Children can fall out or collide with objects and suffer broken bones, abrasions, cuts and bruises.
British Dictionary definitions for abrasions

abrasion

/əˈbreɪʒən/
noun
1.
the process of scraping or wearing down by friction
2.
a scraped area or spot; graze
3.
(geography) the effect of mechanical erosion of rock, esp a river bed, by rock fragments scratching and scraping it; wearing down Compare attrition (sense 4), corrasion
Word Origin
C17: from Medieval Latin abrāsiōn-, from the past participle of Latin abrādere to abrade
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for abrasions

abrasion

n.

1650s, from Medieval Latin abrasionem (nominative abrasio) "a scraping," noun of action from past participle stem of Latin abradere "to scrape away, shave off," from ab- "off" (see ab-) + radere "to scrape" (see raze).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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abrasions in Medicine

abrasion a·bra·sion (ə-brā'zhən)
n.

  1. A scraping away of a portion of a surface.

  2. The wearing down or rubbing away or removal of the superficial layers of skin or mucous membrane in a limited area.

  3. The pathological wearing away of tooth substance by mechanical means; grinding.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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abrasions in Science
abrasion
  (ə-brā'zhən)   
  1. The process of wearing away a surface by friction. A rock undergoes abrasion when particles of sand or small pieces of rock are carried across its surface by a glacier, stream, or the wind.

  2. A scraped area on the skin or mucous membranes.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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