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abridge

[uh-brij] /əˈbrɪdʒ/
verb (used with object), abridged, abridging.
1.
to shorten by omissions while retaining the basic contents:
to abridge a reference book.
2.
to reduce or lessen in duration, scope, authority, etc.; diminish; curtail:
to abridge a visit; to abridge one's freedom.
3.
to deprive; cut off.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English abreggen, abriggen < Middle French abreg(i)er < Late Latin abbreviāre to shorten. See a-4, abbreviate
Related forms
abridgable, abridgeable, adjective
abridger, noun
nonabridgable, adjective
reabridge, verb (used with object), reabridged, reabridging.
Synonyms
1. cut down; epitomize; condense, abstract, digest. See shorten. 2. contract, reduce. 3. divest.
Antonyms
1. lengthen. 2. expand.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for abridgable

abridge

/əˈbrɪdʒ/
verb (transitive)
1.
to reduce the length of (a written work) by condensing or rewriting
2.
to curtail; diminish
3.
(archaic) to deprive of (privileges, rights, etc)
Derived Forms
abridgable, abridgeable, adjective
abridger, noun
Word Origin
C14: via Old French abregier from Late Latin abbreviāre to shorten
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for abridgable

abridge

v.

c.1300, abreggen, "to make shorter, to condense," from Old French abregier "abridge, diminish, shorten," from Late Latin abbreviare "make short" (see abbreviate). The sound development from Latin -vi- to French -dg- is paralleled in assuage (from assuavidare) and deluge (from diluvium). Related: Abridged; abridging.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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