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absinthe

[ab-sinth] /ˈæb sɪnθ/
noun
1.
a green, aromatic liqueur that is 68 percent alcohol, is made with wormwood and other herbs, and has a bitter, licorice flavor: now banned in most Western countries.
2.
wormwood (def 2).
Also, absinth.
Origin
1605-1615
1605-15; < French < Latin absinthium wormwood < Greek apsínthion
Related forms
absinthial, absinthian, adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for absinthian

absinthe

/ˈæbsɪnθ/
noun
1.
a potent green alcoholic drink, technically a gin, originally having high wormwood content
2.
another name for wormwood (sense 1)
Word Origin
C15: via French and Latin from Greek apsinthion wormwood
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for absinthian

absinthe

n.

also absinth, alcoholic liqueur distilled from wine mixed with wormwood (Artemisia Absinthium), 1842, from French absinthe, "essence of wormwood," from Latin absinthum "wormwood," from Greek apsinthion, perhaps from Persian (cf. Persian aspand, of the same meaning). The plant so called in English from c.1500 (Old English used the word in the Latin form).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for absinthian

absinthe

flavoured, distilled liquor, yellowish green in colour, turning to cloudy, opalescent white when mixed with water. Highly aromatic, this liqueur is dry and somewhat bitter in taste. Absinthe is made from a spirit high in alcohol, such as brandy, and marketed with alcoholic content of 68 percent by volume. Wormwood (Artemisia absinthium; see ) is the chief flavouring ingredient; other aromatic ingredients include licorice (which usually predominates in the aroma), hyssop, fennel, angelica root, aniseed, and star aniseed. The beverage was first produced commercially in 1797 by Henry-Louis Pernod, who purchased the formula from a French exile living in Switzerland.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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