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abstraction

[ab-strak-shuh n] /æbˈstræk ʃən/
noun
1.
an abstract or general idea or term.
2.
the act of considering something as a general quality or characteristic, apart from concrete realities, specific objects, or actual instances.
3.
an impractical idea; something visionary and unrealistic.
4.
the act of taking away or separating; withdrawal:
The sensation of cold is due to the abstraction of heat from our bodies.
5.
secret removal, especially theft.
6.
absent-mindedness; inattention; mental absorption.
7.
Fine Arts.
  1. the abstract qualities or characteristics of a work of art.
  2. a work of art, especially a nonrepresentational one, stressing formal relationships.
Origin
1540-1550
1540-50; < Late Latin abstractiōn- (stem of abstractiō) separation. See abstract, -ion
Related forms
abstractional, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for abstractions
  • Voodoo spirits are not distant, nor are they abstractions or symbolic constructs.
  • Some math-talented kids will learn easily through abstractions and be able to apply them.
  • Rather than speculating about the behaviour of non-existent abstractions that have little in common with human beings.
  • For all the attention, the critics were divided and his geometric abstractions did not sell well.
  • Technical language is a kind of doing, an operation on objects, even when confined to the abstractions of physics.
  • These basic precepts are not lofty abstractions, far removed from matters of daily living.
  • Price has the mathematician's interest in intellectual concepts and his power of dealing with abstractions.
  • The human understanding is of its own nature prone to abstractions and gives a substance and reality to things which are fleeting.
  • Such abstractions seem to be linked to the mental phenomenon of metaphor.
  • Nature is one, and abstractions ultimately map onto the concrete.
British Dictionary definitions for abstractions

abstraction

/æbˈstrækʃən/
noun
1.
absence of mind; preoccupation
2.
the process of formulating generalized ideas or concepts by extracting common qualities from specific examples
3.
an idea or concept formulated in this way: good and evil are abstractions
4.
(logic) an operator that forms a class name or predicate from any given expression See also lambda calculus
5.
an abstract painting, sculpture, etc
6.
the act of withdrawing or removing
Derived Forms
abstractive, adjective
abstractively, adverb
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for abstractions

abstraction

n.

c.1400, "withdrawal from worldly affairs, asceticism," from Old French abstraction (14c.), from Latin abstractionem (nominative abstractio), noun of action from past participle stem of abstrahere (see abstract (adj.)). Meaning "idea of something that has no actual existence" is from 1640s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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abstractions in Medicine

abstraction ab·strac·tion (āb-strāk'shən, əb-)
n.

  1. Distillation or separation of the volatile constituents of a substance.

  2. Exclusive mental concentration; absent-mindedness.

  3. A malocclusion in which the teeth or associated structures are lower than their normal occlusal plane.

  4. The selection of a certain aspect of a concept from the whole.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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