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accent

[n. ak-sent; v. ak-sent, ak-sent] /n. ˈæk sɛnt; v. ˈæk sɛnt, ækˈsɛnt/
noun
1.
prominence of a syllable in terms of differential loudness, or of pitch, or length, or of a combination of these.
2.
degree of prominence of a syllable within a word and sometimes of a word within a phrase:
primary accent; secondary accent.
3.
a mark indicating stress (as (·, ·), or (ˈ, ˌ), or (′, ″)), vowel quality (as French grave `, acute ´, circumflex ^, ), form (as French la “the” versus “there”), or pitch.
4.
any similar mark.
5.
Prosody.
  1. regularly recurring stress.
  2. a mark indicating stress or some other distinction in pronunciation or value.
6.
a musical tone or pattern of pitch inherent in a particular language either as a feature essential to the identification of a vowel or a syllable or to the general acoustic character of the language.
Compare tone (def 7).
7.
Often, accents.
  1. the unique speech patterns, inflections, choice of words, etc., that identify a particular individual:
    We recognized his accents immediately. She corrected me in her usual mild accents.
  2. the distinctive style or tone characteristic of an author, composer, etc.:
    the unmistakably Brahmsian accents of the sonata; She recognized the familiar accents of Robert Frost in the poem.
8.
a mode of pronunciation, as pitch or tone, emphasis pattern, or intonation, characteristic of or peculiar to the speech of a particular person, group, or locality:
French accent; Southern accent.
Compare tone (def 5).
9.
such a mode of pronunciation recognized as being of foreign origin:
He still speaks with an accent.
10.
Music.
  1. a stress or emphasis given to certain notes.
  2. a mark noting this.
  3. stress or emphasis regularly recurring as a feature of rhythm.
11.
Mathematics.
  1. a symbol used to distinguish similar quantities that differ in value, as in b ′, b ″, b ‴ (called b prime, b second or b double prime, b third or b triple prime, respectively).
  2. a symbol used to indicate a particular unit of measure, as feet (′) or inches (″), minutes (′) or seconds (″).
  3. a symbol used to indicate the order of a derivative of a function in calculus, as f′ (called f prime) is the first derivative of a function f.
12.
words or tones expressive of some emotion.
13.
accents, words; language; speech:
He spoke in accents bold.
14.
distinctive character or tone:
an accent of whining complaint.
15.
special attention, stress, or emphasis:
an accent on accuracy.
16.
a detail that is emphasized by contrasting with its surroundings:
a room decorated in navy blue with two red vases as accents.
17.
a distinctive but subordinate pattern, motif, color, flavor, or the like:
The salad dressing had an accent of garlic.
verb (used with object)
18.
to pronounce with prominence (a syllable within a word or a word within a phrase): to accent the first syllable of “into”; to accent the first word of “White House.”.
Compare stress (def 12).
19.
to mark with a written accent or accents.
20.
to give emphasis or prominence to; accentuate.
Origin
1520-1530
1520-30; < Latin accentus speaking tone, equivalent to ac- ac- + -centus, combining form of cantus song (see canto); translation of Greek prosōidía prosody
Related forms
accentless, adjective
accentuable
[ak-sen-choo-uh-buh l] /ækˈsɛn tʃu ə bəl/ (Show IPA),
adjective
nonaccent, noun
nonaccented, adjective
nonaccenting, adjective
reaccent, verb (used with object)
well-accented, adjective
Can be confused
accent, stress.
accent, accentuate, assent.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for accents
  • The second group keep their maternal accents, whereas the first group find it much easier and more natural to translate.
  • In it our startled ears caught the opening accents of a grand new liturgy.
  • Many drivers find voice recognition software fairly frustrating, especially people who have foreign accents.
  • The rooms have been done in shades of brown, gray, taupe and beige with accents of green and deep red.
  • Seasonal décor items include many indigenous and internationally handcrafted ornaments and accents.
  • Rich pigments and gold accents on lightweight handmade bangles.
  • Yellow accents allow for quick grab-and-go at baggage claim.
  • With charcoal gray cloth and stamped red leaf accents, it's a stunner.
  • The keyboard is also a weird mix of thoughtful accents and blundered control placement.
  • The construction is equally solid, made of ballistic nylon and heavy chrome accents and zippers.
British Dictionary definitions for accents

accent

noun (ˈæksənt)
1.
the characteristic mode of pronunciation of a person or group, esp one that betrays social or geographical origin
2.
the relative prominence of a spoken or sung syllable, esp with regard to stress or pitch Compare pitch1 (sense 28), stress (sense 3)
3.
a mark (such as ˈ , ˌ , ´ or `) used in writing to indicate the stress or prominence of a syllable. Such a mark may also be used to indicate that a written syllable is to be pronounced, esp when such pronunciation is not usual, as in turnèd
4.
any of various marks or symbols conventionally used in writing certain languages to indicate the quality of a vowel, or for some other purpose, such as differentiation of homographs See acute (sense 10), grave2 (sense 5), circumflex
5.
(in some languages, such as Chinese) any of the tones that have phonemic value in distinguishing one word from another Compare tone (sense 7)
6.
rhythmic stress in verse or prose
7.
(music)
  1. stress placed on certain notes in a piece of music, indicated by a symbol printed over the note concerned
  2. the rhythmic pulse of a piece or passage, usually represented as the stress on the first beat of each bar See also syncopation
8.
(maths) either of two superscript symbols indicating a specific unit, such as feet (′), inches (″), minutes of arc (′), or seconds of arc (″)
9.
a distinctive characteristic of anything, such as taste, pattern, style, etc
10.
particular attention or emphasis: an accent on learning
11.
a strongly contrasting detail: a blue rug with red accents
verb (transitive) (ækˈsɛnt)
12.
to mark with an accent in writing, speech, music, etc
13.
to lay particular emphasis or stress on
Word Origin
C14: via Old French from Latin accentus, from ad- to + cantus chant, song. The Latin is a rendering of Greek prosōidia a song sung to music, the tone of a syllable
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for accents

accent

n.

late 14c., "particular mode of pronunciation," from Middle French accent, from Old French acent (13c.), from Latin accentus "song added to speech," from ad- "to" (see ad-) + cantus "a singing," past participle of canere "to sing" (see chant (v.)). Loan-translation of Greek prosoidia, from pros- "to" + oide "song," which apparently described the pitch scheme in Greek verse. The decorating sense of "something that emphasizes or highlights" is from 1972.

v.

"to pronounce with accent or stress," 1520s, from Middle French accenter, from Old French acenter, from accent (see accent (n.)). Related: Accented; accenting.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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11
14
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