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accessory

[ak-ses-uh-ree] /ækˈsɛs ə ri/
noun, plural accessories.
1.
a subordinate or supplementary part, object, or the like, used mainly for convenience, attractiveness, safety, etc., as a spotlight on an automobile or a lens cover on a camera.
2.
an article or set of articles of dress, as gloves, earrings, or a scarf, that adds completeness, convenience, attractiveness, etc., to one's basic outfit.
3.
Law.
  1. Also called accessory before the fact. a person who, though not present during the commission of a felony, is guilty of having aided and abetted another, who committed the felony.
  2. Also called accessory after the fact. a person who knowingly conceals or assists another who has committed a felony.
    Compare principal (def 9b).
4.
Anatomy, accessory nerve.
adjective
5.
contributing to a general effect; supplementary; subsidiary.
6.
Law. giving aid as an accessory.
7.
Petrography. (of a mineral) being present in small amounts in a rock and having no bearing on the classification of the rock, as zircon in granite.
Origin
late Middle English
1400-1450
1400-50; late Middle English accessorie (< Middle French) < Medieval Latin accessōrius. See accede, -tory1
Related forms
accessorily, adverb
accessoriness, noun
interaccessory, adjective
nonaccessory, adjective, noun, plural nonaccessories.
Synonyms
1. See addition. 3. accomplice.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for accessory before the fact

accessory

/əkˈsɛsərɪ/
noun (pl) -ries
1.
a supplementary part or object, as of a car, appliance, etc
2.
(often pl) a small accompanying item of dress, esp of women's dress
3.
a person who incites someone to commit a crime or assists the perpetrator of a crime, either before or during its commission
adjective
4.
supplementary; additional; subordinate
5.
assisting in or having knowledge of an act, esp a crime
Derived Forms
accessorial (ˌæksɛˈsɔːrɪəl) adjective
accessorily, adverb
accessoriness, noun
Word Origin
C17: from Late Latin accessōrius: see access
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for accessory before the fact

accessory

n.

also accessary, early 15c. as a legal term in the criminal sense of "one aiding in a crime;" also "that which is subordinate to something else," from Late Latin accessorius, from accessor, agent noun from accedere (see access (n.)). Attested from 1896 as "woman's smaller articles of dress," hence accessorize.

adj.

1550s, "subordinate," from Late Latin accessorius, from accessor, agent noun from accedere (see access (n.)). Meaning "aiding in crime" is from c.1600.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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accessory before the fact in Medicine

accessory ac·ces·so·ry (āk-sěs'ə-rē)
adj.

  1. Having a secondary, supplementary, or subordinate function.

  2. Of, relating to, or being a body part, such as a gland, nerve, or muscle, that is anatomically auxiliary.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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16
17
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