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acciaccatura

[uh-chah-kuh-too r-uh; Italian aht-chahk-kah-too-rah] /əˌtʃɑ kəˈtʊər ə; Italian ɑtˌtʃɑk kɑˈtu rɑ/
noun, plural acciaccaturas, acciaccature
[-too r-ey, -too r-ee; Italian -too-re] /-ˈtʊər eɪ, -ˈtʊər i; Italian -ˈtu rɛ/ (Show IPA).
Music.
1.
a short grace note one half step below, and struck at the same time as, a principal note.
Origin
1875-1880
1875-80; < Italian: literally, a pounding, crushing, equivalent to acciacc(are) to crush, bruise (based on an echoic root ciacc-) + -atura (see -ate1, -ure)
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for acciaccatura

acciaccatura

/ɑːˌtʃɑːkɑːˈtʊərə/
noun (pl) -ras, -re (-reɪ; -riː)
1.
a small grace note melodically adjacent to a principal note and played simultaneously with or immediately before it
2.
(in modern music) a very short appoggiatura
Word Origin
C18: Italian: literally, a crushing sound
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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