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acciaccatura

[uh-chah-kuh-too r-uh; Italian aht-chahk-kah-too-rah] /əˌtʃɑ kəˈtʊər ə; Italian ɑtˌtʃɑk kɑˈtu rɑ/
noun, plural acciaccaturas, acciaccature
[-too r-ey, -too r-ee; Italian -too-re] /-ˈtʊər eɪ, -ˈtʊər i; Italian -ˈtu rɛ/ (Show IPA).
Music.
1.
a short grace note one half step below, and struck at the same time as, a principal note.
Origin of acciaccatura
1875-1880
1875-80; < Italian: literally, a pounding, crushing, equivalent to acciacc(are) to crush, bruise (based on an echoic root ciacc-) + -atura (see -ate1, -ure)
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for acciaccatura
Historical Examples
  • The acciaccatura (or short appoggiatura) is written like the appoggiatura except that it has a light stroke across its stem.

  • The appoggiatura is always accented, but the acciaccatura never is, the stress always falling on the melody tone.

  • In the second half of the first bar, the acciaccatura was never intended by the composer to be actually sung as printed.

    Style in Singing W. E. Haslam
British Dictionary definitions for acciaccatura

acciaccatura

/ɑːˌtʃɑːkɑːˈtʊərə/
noun (pl) -ras, -re (-reɪ; -riː)
1.
a small grace note melodically adjacent to a principal note and played simultaneously with or immediately before it
2.
(in modern music) a very short appoggiatura
Word Origin
C18: Italian: literally, a crushing sound
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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