accident

[ak-si-duhnt]
noun
1.
an undesirable or unfortunate happening that occurs unintentionally and usually results in harm, injury, damage, or loss; casualty; mishap: automobile accidents.
2.
Law. such a happening resulting in injury that is in no way the fault of the injured person for which compensation or indemnity is legally sought.
3.
any event that happens unexpectedly, without a deliberate plan or cause.
4.
chance; fortune; luck: I was there by accident.
5.
a fortuitous circumstance, quality, or characteristic: an accident of birth.
6.
Philosophy. any entity or event contingent upon the existence of something else.
7.
Geology. a surface irregularity, usually on a small scale, the reason for which is not apparent.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English < Latin accident- (stem of accidēns happening, present participle of accidere to befall), equivalent to ac- ac- + -cid-, combining form of cad- fall + -ent- -ent

postaccident, adjective

accident, Occident.


1. mischance, misfortune, misadventure; contingency; disaster.


4. design, intent.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
accident (ˈæksɪdənt)
 
n
1.  an unforeseen event or one without an apparent cause
2.  anything that occurs unintentionally or by chance; chance; fortune: I met him by accident
3.  a misfortune or mishap, esp one causing injury or death
4.  logic, philosophy Also called: adjunct a nonessential attribute or characteristic of something (as opposed to substance)
5.  metaphysics a property as contrasted with the substance in which it inheres
6.  geology a surface irregularity in a natural formation, esp in a rock formation or a river system
 
[C14: via Old French from Latin accident- chance, happening, from the present participle of accidere to befall, happen, from ad- to + cadere to fall]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

accident
late 14c., "an occurrence, incident, event," from O.Fr. accident (12c.), from L. accidentum (nom. accidens, gen. accidentis), prp. of accidere "happen, fall out, fall upon," from ad- "to" + cadere "fall" (see case (1)). Meaning grew from "something that happens, an event,"
to "something that happens by chance," then "mishap."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Too much proximity to the wild leads to fatal accidents.
Not surprisingly, there is also a strong link between sleep deprivation and
  traffic accidents.
But accidents and industry resistance to oversight continue to raise concerns.
But there have been accidents, and mistrust has been sown as the industrial
  process has moved into rural communities.
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