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acetanilide

[as-i-tan-l-ahyd] /ˌæs ɪˈtæn lˌaɪd/
noun, Chemistry, Pharmacology
1.
a white, crystalline, odorless, organic powder, C 8 H 9 NO, produced by the action of glacial acetic acid on aniline, used chiefly in organic synthesis and formerly in the treatment of fever and headache.
Also, acetanilid
[as-i-tan-l-id] /ˌæs ɪˈtæn l ɪd/ (Show IPA)
.
Also called acetylaniline.
Origin
1860-1865
1860-65; acet- + anilide
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for acetanilid

acetanilide

/ˌæsɪˈtænɪˌlaɪd/
noun
1.
a white crystalline powder used in the manufacture of dyes and rubber, as an analgesic in medicine, and as a precursor in penicillin manufacture. Formula: C6H5NHCOCH3
Word Origin
C19: from aceto- + aniline + -ide
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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acetanilid in Medicine

acetanilide ac·et·an·i·lide (ās'ĭt-ān'l-īd') or ac·et·an·i·lid (-ān'l-ĭd)
n.
A white crystalline compound used to relieve pain and reduce fever.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Encyclopedia Article for acetanilid

acetanilide

synthetic organic compound introduced in therapy in 1886 as a fever-reducing drug. Its effectiveness in relieving pain was discovered soon thereafter, and it was used as an alternative to aspirin for many years in treating such common complaints as headache, menstrual cramps, and rheumatism. Excessive or prolonged use engenders toxic side effects: it interferes with the function of hemoglobin, the oxygen-carrying pigment of the blood. In the body acetanilide is mostly converted to acetaminophen, which has replaced acetanilide in therapy because it is less likely to induce blood disorders.

Learn more about acetanilide with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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