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acetic acid

noun, Chemistry
1.
a colorless, pungent, water-miscible liquid, C 2 H 4 O 2 , the essential constituent of vinegar, produced by oxidation of acetaldehyde, bacterial action on ethyl alcohol, the reaction of methyl alcohol with carbon monoxide, and other processes: used chiefly in the manufacture of acetate fibers and in the production of numerous esters that are solvents and flavoring agents.
Origin
1800-1810
1800-10
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for acetic acid
  • They used acetic acid to dissolve the limestone, which leaves behind a residue of fossils preserved by calcium phosphate minerals.
  • It's home to a type of acetic acid-producing bacteria called acetobacter, which will convert your wine to vinegar.
  • Nothing whatever has been said of the acetic acid and the essential oil equivalent of spices used in place of benzoate of soda.
  • When cellulose reacts with acetic acid to form the material, some acetic acid isn't used up.
  • He washed them carefully with acetic acid, sealed them with a preservative, and pieced them together into a recognizable skeleton.
  • The process uses bacteria to break down organic material, such as acetic acid and cellulose.
  • Its technology uses organisms that convert sugars into acetic acid, which can then be made into ethyl acetate.
  • Common wine defect caused by excess production of acetic acid, resulting in a vinegary smell.
  • acetic acid is a clear, colorless, flammable liquid with a pungent odor.
British Dictionary definitions for acetic acid

acetic acid

noun
1.
a colourless pungent liquid, miscible with water, widely used in the manufacture of acetic anhydride, vinyl acetate, plastics, pharmaceuticals, dyes, etc. Formula: CH3COOH Systematic name ethanoic acid See also glacial acetic acid, vinegar
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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acetic acid in Medicine

acetic acid a·ce·tic acid (ə-sē'tĭk)
n.
A clear, colorless organic acid with a distinctive pungent odor, the chief acid of vinegar, also used as a solvent. Also called ethanoic acid.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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acetic acid in Science
acetic acid  
A clear, colorless organic acid having a distinctive pungent odor. It is used as a solvent and in the manufacture of rubber, plastics, acetate fibers, pharmaceuticals, and photographic chemicals. Acetic acid is the chief acid of vinegar. Chemical formula: C2H4O2.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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10
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