acquit

[uh-kwit]
verb (used with object), acquitted, acquitting.
1.
to relieve from a charge of fault or crime; declare not guilty: They acquitted him of the crime. The jury acquitted her, but I still think she's guilty.
2.
to release or discharge (a person) from an obligation.
3.
to settle or satisfy (a debt, obligation, claim, etc.).
4.
to bear or conduct (oneself); behave: He acquitted himself well in battle.
5.
to free or clear (oneself): He acquitted himself of suspicion.

Origin:
1200–50; Middle English aquiten < Anglo-French, Old French a(c)quiter, derivative, with a(c)- ac-, of quite free of obligations < Medieval Latin quit(t)us, Latin quiētus quiet1; cf. quit

acquitter, noun
preacquit, verb (used with object), preacquitted, preacquitting.
unacquitted, adjective

acquitted, innocent, nolo contendere (see synonym study at innocent).


1. exculpate. See absolve. 2. free.


1. convict.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
acquit (əˈkwɪt)
 
vb , -quits, -quitting, -quitted
1.  (foll by of)
 a.  to free or release (from a charge of crime)
 b.  to pronounce not guilty
2.  (foll by of) to free or relieve (from an obligation, duty, responsibility, etc)
3.  to repay or settle (something, such as a debt or obligation)
4.  to perform (one's part); conduct (oneself)
 
[C13: from Old French aquiter, from quiter to release, free from, quit]
 
ac'quitter
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

acquit
early 13c., "to satisfy a debt" (either for oneself or on behalf of another), from O.Fr. acquitter "settle a claim," from à "to" + quite "free, clear" (see quit). Meanings "set free from charges" and "to discharge one's duty" both recorded from late 14c.

acquitted
"freed, exonerated," 1670s, pp. adj. from acquit (q.v.). Formerly in this sense was acquit (late 14c.), perhaps on analogy of pps. such as hit.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Fish-farm lice acquitted of killing wild fish.
It doesn't matter if the suspect was charged or even acquitted.
He was acquitted for lack of evidence.
The judge is condemned when the guilty is acquitted.
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