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acquit

[uh-kwit] /əˈkwɪt/
verb (used with object), acquitted, acquitting.
1.
to relieve from a charge of fault or crime; declare not guilty:
They acquitted him of the crime. The jury acquitted her, but I still think she's guilty.
2.
to release or discharge (a person) from an obligation.
3.
to settle or satisfy (a debt, obligation, claim, etc.).
4.
to bear or conduct (oneself); behave:
He acquitted himself well in battle.
5.
to free or clear (oneself):
He acquitted himself of suspicion.
Origin
1200-1250
1200-50; Middle English aquiten < Anglo-French, Old French a(c)quiter, derivative, with a(c)- ac-, of quite free of obligations < Medieval Latin quit(t)us, Latin quiētus quiet1; cf. quit
Related forms
acquitter, noun
preacquit, verb (used with object), preacquitted, preacquitting.
unacquitted, adjective
Can be confused
acquitted, innocent, nolo contendere (see synonym study at innocent)
Synonyms
1. exculpate. See absolve. 2. free.
Antonyms
1. convict.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for acquitting

acquit

/əˈkwɪt/
verb (transitive) -quits, -quitting, -quitted
1.
(foll by of)
  1. to free or release (from a charge of crime)
  2. to pronounce not guilty
2.
(foll by of) to free or relieve (from an obligation, duty, responsibility, etc)
3.
to repay or settle (something, such as a debt or obligation)
4.
to perform (one's part); conduct (oneself)
Derived Forms
acquitter, noun
Word Origin
C13: from Old French aquiter, from quiter to release, free from, quit
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for acquitting

acquit

v.

early 13c., "to satisfy a debt" (either for oneself or on behalf of another), from Old French aquiter "pay, pay up, settle a claim" (12c.), from à "to" (see ad-) + quite "free, clear" (see quit (adj.)). Meanings "set free from charges" and "to discharge one's duty" both recorded from late 14c. Related: Acquitted; acquitting.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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