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acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis

acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis in Medicine

acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis n.
Abbr. ANUG
See trench mouth.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Encyclopedia Article for acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis

trench mouth

acute and painful infection of the tooth margins and gums that is caused by the symbiotic microorganisms Bacillus fusiformis and Borrelia vincentii. The chief symptoms are painful, swollen, bleeding gums; small, painful ulcers covering the gums and tooth margins; and characteristic fetid breath. The ulcers may spread to the throat and tonsils. Fever and malaise may also be present. Vincent gingivitis can occur after a prolonged failure to brush one's teeth, though there are many other predisposing factors, such as vitamin deficiencies, emotional stress, and so on. The infection is readily treated by bed rest, the administration of penicillin or other antibiotics, and the use of antiseptic mouth rinses. Regular tooth brushing is the chief preventive measure

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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