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addict

[n. ad-ikt; v. uh-dikt] /n. ˈæd ɪkt; v. əˈdɪkt/
noun
1.
a person who is addicted to an activity, habit, or substance:
a drug addict.
verb (used with object)
2.
to cause to become physiologically or psychologically dependent on an addictive substance, as alcohol or a narcotic.
3.
to habituate or abandon (oneself) to something compulsively or obsessively:
a writer addicted to the use of high-flown language; children addicted to video games.
Origin
1520-1530
1520-30; < Latin addictus assigned, surrendered (past participle of addīcere, equivalent to ad- ad- + dic- (variant stem of dīcere to fix, determine) + -tus past participle suffix)
Related forms
nonaddict, noun
nonaddicting, adjective
Synonyms
1. adherent, devotee; fanatic; junkie.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for addict
  • He was not known to be a drug addict, but did use marijuana and alcohol.
  • Typically, the addict is surprised by the intervention of friends and family members.
British Dictionary definitions for addict

addict

verb (əˈdɪkt)
1.
(transitive; usually passive) often foll by to. to cause (someone or oneself) to become dependent (on something, esp a narcotic drug)
noun (ˈædɪkt)
2.
a person who is addicted, esp to narcotic drugs
3.
(informal) a person who is devoted to something: a jazz addict
Word Origin
C16: (as adj and as vb; n use C20): from Latin addictus given over, from addīcere to give one's assent to, from ad- to + dīcere to say
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for addict
v.

1530s (implied in addicted), from Latin addictus, past participle of addicere "to deliver, award, yield; give assent, make over, sell," figuratively "to devote, consecrate; sacrifice, sell out, betray" from ad- "to" (see ad-) + dicere "say, declare" (see diction), but also "adjudge, allot." Earlier in English as an adjective, "delivered, devoted" (1520s). Related: Addicted; addicting.

n.

1909, in reference to morphine, from addict (v.).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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addict in Medicine

addict ad·dict (ə-dĭkt')
v. ad·dict·ed, ad·dict·ing, ad·dicts
To become or cause to become compulsively and physiologically dependent on a habit-forming substance. n. (ād'ĭkt)
One who is addicted, as to narcotics.


ad·dic'tive adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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