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adjuvant

[aj-uh-vuh nt] /ˈædʒ ə vənt/
adjective
1.
serving to help or assist; auxiliary.
2.
Medicine/Medical. utilizing drugs, radiation therapy, or other means of supplemental treatment following cancer surgery.
noun
3.
a person or thing that aids or helps.
4.
anything that aids in removing or preventing a disease, especially a substance added to a prescription to aid the effect of the main ingredient.
5.
Immunology. a substance admixed with an immunogen in order to elicit a more marked immune response.
Origin of adjuvant
1600-1610
1600-10; < Latin adjuvant- (stem of adjuvāns, present participle of adjuvāre), equivalent to ad- ad- + juv- (stem of juvāre to help) + -ant- -ant
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for adjuvant
  • Q: I've heard researchers may need to use an immune booster, called an adjuvant, for flu vaccine.
  • With the tetanus shot, the diptheria toxoid added acts as an adjuvant.
  • For example, they have spent eight decades adding alum to vaccines as what is known as an adjuvant.
  • Dr Rappuoli says that if an adjuvant is used, half the normal flu dose would work.
  • Adding adjuvant(s) doubles the amount of vaccine available? Well, yes.
  • Some big vaccine-makers, for example, are bolstering the conventional approach with adjuvants.
  • adjuvant chemotherapy is administered following surgery and before radiation therapy.
British Dictionary definitions for adjuvant

adjuvant

/ˈædʒəvənt/
adjective
1.
aiding or assisting
noun
2.
something that aids or assists; auxiliary
3.
(med) a drug or other substance that enhances the activity of another
4.
(immunol) a substance that enhances the immune response stimulated by an antigen when injected with the antigen
Word Origin
C17: from Latin adjuvāns, present participle of adjuvāre, from juvāre to help
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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adjuvant in Medicine

adjuvant ad·ju·vant (āj'ə-vənt)
n.

  1. A pharmacological agent added to a drug, predictably affecting the action of the drug's active ingredient.

  2. An immunological vehicle for enhancing antigenicity, such as a water-in-oil emulsion in which antigen solution is emulsified in mineral oil. Also called immunoadjuvant.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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