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adobe

[uh-doh-bee] /əˈdoʊ bi/
noun
1.
sun-dried brick made of clay and straw, in common use in countries having little rainfall.
2.
a yellow silt or clay, deposited by rivers, used to make bricks.
3.
a building constructed of adobe.
4.
a dark, heavy soil, containing clay.
Origin
Egyptian Demotic
1750-1760
1750-60; Americanism; < Spanish < Arabic al-ṭub the brick < Coptic to:o:be brick < Egyptian Demotic tb < Egyptian Hieroglyphic ḏbt
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for adobes

adobe

/əˈdəʊbɪ/
noun
1.
  1. a sun-dried brick used for building
  2. (as modifier): an adobe house
2.
a building constructed of such bricks
3.
the clayey material from which such bricks are made
Word Origin
C19: from Spanish
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for adobes

adobe

n.

1739, American English, from Spanish adobe, from oral form of Arabic al-tob "the brick," from Coptic tube "brick," a word found in hieroglyphics.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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9
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