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[uh-dreen-l] /əˈdrin l/
of or produced by the adrenal glands.
situated near or on the kidneys; suprarenal.
Origin of adrenal
1870-75; ad- + Latin rēn- (stem of rēnēs kidneys) + -al1
Related forms
adrenally, adverb Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for adrenal
  • His mission is intended as a triumph of the mind over the base adrenal impulses of common speeders.
  • Too little sleep also leads to increased levels cortisol, a hormone produced by the adrenal gland under stress.
  • Before you release him, stare into the animal's eyes and register its adrenal fear.
  • What was happening is, my body didn't have the correct amount of cortisol, which is what feeds your adrenal gland.
  • When adrenal functions go out of whack, the mind and body respond in startling ways.
  • The adrenal system promptly floods the body with adrenaline and stress hormones.
  • His diagnosis: adrenal insufficiences caused her collapse.
  • If you have symptoms of adrenal crisis, give yourself an emergency injection of your prescribed medication.
  • adrenal medulla, catecholamines, and pheochromocytoma.
  • Two other famous eponyms involve the adrenal gland, which produces vital hormones.
British Dictionary definitions for adrenal


on or near the kidneys
of or relating to the adrenal glands or their secretions
an adrenal gland
Word Origin
C19: from ad- (near) + renal
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for adrenal

"of or near the kidneys," 1866, Modern Latin, from ad- + renalis "of the kidneys," from Latin renes "kidneys." Adrenal gland is from 1875.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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adrenal in Medicine

adrenal ad·re·nal (ə-drē'nəl)

  1. At, near, or on the kidneys.

  2. Of or relating to the adrenal glands or their secretions.

An adrenal gland or tissue.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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