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[uh-dreen-l] /əˈdrin l/
of or produced by the adrenal glands.
situated near or on the kidneys; suprarenal.
Origin of adrenal
1870-75; ad- + Latin rēn- (stem of rēnēs kidneys) + -al1
Related forms
adrenally, adverb Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for adrenal
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • Along one side of each kidney may be seen a yellowish glistening mass, the adrenal body.

  • This substance was recovered by them from the cortex of the adrenal gland.

    Arteriosclerosis and Hypertension: Louis Marshall Warfield
  • Its significance is discussed at length in the consideration of the adrenal gland in human scurvy.

    Scurvy Past and Present Alfred Fabian Hess
  • The adrenal secretion also protects them in some way against fatigue.

    Psychology Robert S. Woodworth
  • Adrenin is a substance secreted into the blood by the adrenal glands.

    The Analysis of Mind Bertrand Russell
  • It is generally believed that the internal secretion of the thyroid and the adrenal are antagonistic.

    Arteriosclerosis and Hypertension: Louis Marshall Warfield
  • It was recalled that the President had been said to have adrenal insufficiency.

    Warren Commission (3 of 26): Hearings Vol. III (of 15) The President's Commission on the Assassination of President Kennedy
  • I could feel the change in the crew, the nervousness, the anticipation, the adrenal responses of fear and excitement.

    A Question of Courage Jesse Franklin Bone
  • It is valuable in this connection to compare the adrenal in scurvy with that of beriberi.

    Scurvy Past and Present Alfred Fabian Hess
British Dictionary definitions for adrenal


on or near the kidneys
of or relating to the adrenal glands or their secretions
an adrenal gland
Word Origin
C19: from ad- (near) + renal
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for adrenal

"of or near the kidneys," 1866, Modern Latin, from ad- + renalis "of the kidneys," from Latin renes "kidneys." Adrenal gland is from 1875.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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adrenal in Medicine

adrenal ad·re·nal (ə-drē'nəl)

  1. At, near, or on the kidneys.

  2. Of or relating to the adrenal glands or their secretions.

An adrenal gland or tissue.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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