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adversary

[ad-ver-ser-ee] /ˈæd vərˌsɛr i/
noun, plural adversaries.
1.
a person, group, or force that opposes or attacks; opponent; enemy; foe.
2.
a person, group, etc., that is an opponent in a contest; contestant.
3.
the Adversary, the devil; Satan.
adjective, Also, especially British, adversarial
[ad-ver-sair-ee-uh l] /ˌæd vərˈsɛər i əl/ (Show IPA)
4.
of or pertaining to an adversary.
5.
involving adversaries, as plaintiff and defendant in a legal proceeding:
an adversary trial.
Origin
1300-1350
1300-50; Middle English adversarie < Latin adversārius, equivalent to advers(us) (see adverse) + -ārius -ary; replacing Middle English adversere < Anglo-French
Related forms
adversariness, noun
nonadversarial, adjective
Synonyms
1. Adversary, antagonist mean a person or a group contending against another. Adversary suggests an enemy who fights determinedly, continuously, and relentlessly: a formidable adversary. Antagonist suggests one who, in hostile spirit, opposes another, often in a particular contest or struggle: a duel with an antagonist.
Antonyms
1. ally.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for adversaries
  • Only by correctly understanding the nature of the adversaries who launched.
  • For the world, it seemed a token of peace between two nuclear-armed adversaries.
  • The swashbuckling birds sometimes team up to overwhelm their victims, and they are relentless in chasing down their adversaries.
  • Preventing the spread of war will depend on strategies that recognize the shared interests of adversaries.
  • Considering the factions each represents, the two adversaries share surprising common ground.
  • These people will be your partners and/or your adversaries.
  • Is it possible that he was simply trying to impede the efforts of his non-scientific adversaries.
  • The marine mammals would use their speed and underwater sensing abilities to look for dog-paddling adversaries.
  • Hungry adversaries may find it the meatiest one available.
  • adversaries might then be too busy playing catch-up.
British Dictionary definitions for adversaries

adversary

/ˈædvəsərɪ/
noun (pl) -saries
1.
a person or group that is hostile to someone; enemy
2.
an opposing contestant in a game or sport
adjective
3.
the US term for adversarial (sense 2)
Word Origin
C14: from Latin adversārius, from adversus against. See adverse
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for adversaries

adversary

n.

mid-14c., aduersere, from Anglo-French adverser (13c.), Old French adversaire "adversary, opponent, enemy," or directly from Latin adversarius "opponent, adversary, rival," noun use of adjective meaning "opposite, hostile, contrary," literally "turned toward one," from adversus "turned against" (see adverse). The Latin word is glossed in Old English by wiðerbroca.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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adversaries in the Bible

(Heb. satan), an opponent or foe (1 Kings 5:4; 11:14, 23, 25; Luke 13:17); one that speaks against another, a complainant (Matt. 5:25; Luke 12:58); an enemy (Luke 18:3), and specially the devil (1 Pet. 5:8).

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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