noun, plural adversities for 2.
adverse fortune or fate; a condition marked by misfortune, calamity, or distress: A friend will show his or her true colors in times of adversity.
an adverse or unfortunate event or circumstance: You will meet many adversities in life.

1200–50; Middle English adversite (< Anglo-French) < Latin adversitās. See adverse, -ity

1. catastrophe, disaster; trouble, misery. 2. See affliction.

1. prosperity. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
adversity (ədˈvɜːsɪtɪ)
n , pl -ties
1.  distress; affliction; hardship
2.  an unfortunate event or incident

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

early 13c., aduersite, from O.Fr. aversite (Mod.Fr. adversité), from L. adversitatem "opposition," from adversus (see adverse).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
As all of us know personally, it's even more important when you're facing huge
We have gained each other's trust throughout this three-year project and have
  overcome many similar adversities.
In the relation of these adversities, and in her letters, the natural
  cheerfulness of her temper is remarkable.
We imagine, she writes, that our heroes have transcended the adversities of the
  human condition.
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