noun Chiefly British.

1870–75; < French aéroplane, equivalent to aéro- aero- + -plane, apparently feminine of plan flat, level (< Latin plānus; cf. plain1), perhaps by association with forme plane; apparently coined and first used by French sculptor and inventor Joseph Pline in 1855 Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
aeroplane or (US and Canadian) airplane (ˈɛərəˌpleɪn, ˈɛəˌpleɪn)
a heavier-than-air powered flying vehicle with fixed wings
[C19: from French aéroplane, from aero- + Greek -planos wandering, related to planet]
airplane or (US and Canadian) airplane
[C19: from French aéroplane, from aero- + Greek -planos wandering, related to planet]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1866, from Fr. aéroplane (1855), from Gk. aero- "air" + stem of Fr. planer "to soar," from L. planus "level, flat" (see plane (1)). Originally in ref. to surfaces (such as the protective shell casings of beetles' wings); meaning "heavier than air flying machine" first
attested 1873, probably an independent Eng. coinage (see airplane).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences for aeroplanes
Fixedwing aircraft aeroplanes or airplanes are technically called fixedwing aircraft.
By the end of world war i, aeroplanes had successfully adopted the torpedo as a weapon.
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