Some of those young men lost their way, unable to settle on a point of view that defined their aesthetic.
These were men of their time, and their aesthetic interest in the ancient world was throttled by Christian prudery.
Because it is a poor idea of art to reduce it to an aesthetic.
1798, from German Ästhetisch or French esthétique, both from Greek aisthetikos "sensitive, perceptive," from aisthanesthai "to perceive (by the senses or by the mind), to feel," from PIE *awis-dh-yo-, from root *au- "to perceive" (see audience).
Popularized in English by translation of Immanuel Kant, and used originally in the classically correct sense "the science which treats of the conditions of sensuous perception." Kant had tried to correct the term after Alexander Baumgarten had taken it in German to mean "criticism of taste" (1750s), but Baumgarten's sense attained popularity in English c.1830s (despite scholarly resistance) and removed the word from any philosophical base. Walter Pater used it (1868) to describe the late 19c. movement that advocated "art for art's sake," which further blurred the sense. As an adjective by 1803. Related: Aesthetically.
aesthetic aes·thet·ic or es·thet·ic (ěs-thět'ĭk)
Relating to the sensations.
Relating to esthetics.