affect to


2 [uh-fekt]
verb (used with object)
to give the appearance of; pretend or feign: to affect knowledge of the situation.
to assume artificially, pretentiously, or for effect: to affect a Southern accent.
to use, wear, or adopt by preference; choose; prefer: the peculiar costume he affected.
to assume the character or attitude of: to affect the freethinker.
(of things) to tend toward habitually or naturally: a substance that affects colloidal form.
(of animals and plants) to occupy or inhabit; live in or on: Lions affect Africa. Moss affects the northern slopes.
to have affection for; fancy.
to aim at; aspire to.
verb (used without object)
Obsolete. to incline, tend, or favor (usually followed by to ): He affects to the old ways.

1400–50; late Middle English < Middle French affecter < Latin affectāre to strive after, feign (frequentative of afficere to do to), equivalent to af- af- + fec- (see affect1) + -tāre frequentative suffix

affecter, noun

1. See pretend.

See affect1. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source Link To affect to
World English Dictionary
1.  to act upon or influence, esp in an adverse way: damp affected the sparking plugs
2.  to move or disturb emotionally or mentally: her death affected him greatly
3.  (of pain, disease, etc) to attack
4.  psychol See also affection the emotion associated with an idea or set of ideas
[C17: from Latin affectus, past participle of afficere to act upon, from ad- to + facere to do]

affect2 (əˈfɛkt)
1.  to put on an appearance or show of; make a pretence of: to affect ignorance
2.  to imitate or assume, esp pretentiously: to affect an accent
3.  to have or use by preference: she always affects funereal clothing
4.  to adopt the character, manner, etc, of: he was always affecting the politician
5.  (of plants or animals) to live or grow in: penguins affect an arctic climate
6.  to incline naturally or habitually towards: falling drops of liquid affect roundness
[C15: from Latin affectāre to strive after, pretend to have; related to afficere to affect1]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

14c., "mental state," from L. affectus, pp. of afficere "act on, have influence on, to do something to," a verb of broad meaning, from ad- "to" + facere (pp. factus) "do" (see factitious). The verb meaning "to make an impression on" is attested from 1630s.

"to make a pretense of," 1660s, earlier "to assume the character of (someone)" (1590s); originally in Eng. "to aim at, aspire to, make for" (late 15c.), from M.Fr. affecter (15c.), from L. affectare "to strive after, aim at," freq. of afficere (pp. affectus) "to do something to, act on" (see
affect (n.)).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

affect af·fect (ə-fěkt')
v. af·fect·ed, af·fect·ing, af·fects

  1. To have an influence on or affect a change in.

  2. To attack or infect, as a disease.

n. (āf'ěkt')
  1. A feeling or emotion as distinguished from thought, or action.

  2. A strong feeling with active consequences.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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