noun Law.
a written declaration upon oath made before an authorized official.

1615–25; < Medieval Latin affīdāvit (he) has declared on oath, perfect 3rd singular of affīdāre; see affiance

preaffidavit, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
affidavit (ˌæfɪˈdeɪvɪt)
law a declaration in writing made upon oath before a person authorized to administer oaths, esp for use as evidence in court
[C17: from Medieval Latin, literally: he declares on oath, from affīdare to trust (oneself) to; see affiance]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1590s, from M.L. affidavit, lit. "he has stated on oath," third person sing. perf. of affidare "to trust," from L. ad- "to" + fidare "to trust," from fidus "faithful," from fides "faith" (see faith). So called from being the first word of sworn statements.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The statute provides criminal penalties for filing a false affidavit.
True Confections is written as an affidavit, the reasons for which slowly come
  into focus.
The two scammers have now disappeared and signed a affidavit that it was a hoax.
Next, you'll most likely need an affidavit that says the certificate is missing.
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