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affix

[v. uh-fiks; n. af-iks] /v. əˈfɪks; n. ˈæf ɪks/
verb (used with object)
1.
to fasten, join, or attach (usually followed by to):
to affix stamps to a letter.
2.
to put or add on; append:
to affix a signature to a contract.
3.
to impress (a seal or stamp).
4.
to attach (blame, reproach, ridicule, etc.).
noun
5.
something that is joined or attached.
6.
Grammar. a bound inflectional or derivational element, as a prefix, infix, or suffix, added to a base or stem to form a fresh stem or a word, as -ed added to want to form wanted, or im- added to possible to form impossible.
Compare combining form.
Origin of affix
1525-1535
1525-35; < Latin affīxus fastened to (past participle of affīgere), equivalent to af- af- + fīg- fasten + -sus, variant of -tus past participle suffix
Related forms
affixable, adjective
affixal
[a-fik-suh l] /æˈfɪk səl/ (Show IPA),
affixial
[a-fik-see-uh l] /æˈfɪk si əl/ (Show IPA),
adjective
affixer, noun
affixment, noun
reaffix, verb (used with object)
unaffixed, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for affix

affix

verb (transitive; usually foll by to or on) (əˈfɪks)
1.
to attach, fasten, join, or stick: to affix a poster to the wall
2.
to add or append: to affix a signature to a document
3.
to attach or attribute (guilt, blame, etc)
noun (ˈæfɪks)
4.
a linguistic element added to a word or root to produce a derived or inflected form: -ment in establishment is a derivational affix; -s in drowns is an inflectional affix See also prefix, suffix, infix
5.
something fastened or attached; appendage
Derived Forms
affixation (ˌæfɪkˈseɪʃən), affixture (əˈfɪkstʃə) noun
Word Origin
C15: from Medieval Latin affixāre, from ad- to + fixāre to fix
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for affix
v.

1530s, from Medieval Latin affixare, frequentative of Latin affigere (past participle affixus) "fasten to, attach," from ad- "to" (see ad-) + figere "fasten" (see fix (v.)).

First used by Scottish writers and perhaps from Middle French affixer, a temporarily re-Latinized spelling of Old French afichier (Modern French afficher). Related: Affixed; affixing.

n.

1610s, from affix (v.).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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