affix

[v. uh-fiks; n. af-iks]
verb (used with object)
1.
to fasten, join, or attach (usually followed by to ): to affix stamps to a letter.
2.
to put or add on; append: to affix a signature to a contract.
3.
to impress (a seal or stamp).
4.
to attach (blame, reproach, ridicule, etc.).
noun
5.
something that is joined or attached.
6.
Grammar. a bound inflectional or derivational element, as a prefix, infix, or suffix, added to a base or stem to form a fresh stem or a word, as -ed added to want to form wanted, or im- added to possible to form impossible.
Compare combining form.


Origin:
1525–35; < Latin affīxus fastened to (past participle of affīgere), equivalent to af- af- + fīg- fasten + -sus, variant of -tus past participle suffix

affixable, adjective
affixal [a-fik-suhl] , affixial [a-fik-see-uhl] , adjective
affixer, noun
affixment, noun
reaffix, verb (used with object)
unaffixed, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
affix
 
vb
1.  to attach, fasten, join, or stick: to affix a poster to the wall
2.  to add or append: to affix a signature to a document
3.  to attach or attribute (guilt, blame, etc)
 
n
4.  prefix suffix See also infix a linguistic element added to a word or root to produce a derived or inflected form: -ment in establishment is a derivational affix; -s in drowns is an inflectional affix
5.  something fastened or attached; appendage
 
[C15: from Medieval Latin affixāre, from ad- to + fixāre to fix]
 
affixation
 
n
 
affixture
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

affix
1530s, from M.L. affixare, freq. of L. affigere (pp. affixus) "fasten to," from ad- "to" + figere "fasten" (see fix). First used by Scottish writers and perhaps from M.Fr. affixer, a temporarily re-Latinized spelling of O.Fr. afichier (modern Fr. afficher).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Among other things they are polysynthetic and add meaning and context to a word by affixes and/or suffixes.
Interestingly, many languages have different plural affixes indicating this distinction.
Use knowledge of root words and affixes to determine the meaning of unknown words.
Operates postage machine, records ascending and descending balances, and affixes correct postage.
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