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affix

[v. uh-fiks; n. af-iks] /v. əˈfɪks; n. ˈæf ɪks/
verb (used with object)
1.
to fasten, join, or attach (usually followed by to):
to affix stamps to a letter.
2.
to put or add on; append:
to affix a signature to a contract.
3.
to impress (a seal or stamp).
4.
to attach (blame, reproach, ridicule, etc.).
noun
5.
something that is joined or attached.
6.
Grammar. a bound inflectional or derivational element, as a prefix, infix, or suffix, added to a base or stem to form a fresh stem or a word, as -ed added to want to form wanted, or im- added to possible to form impossible.
Compare combining form.
Origin
1525-1535
1525-35; < Latin affīxus fastened to (past participle of affīgere), equivalent to af- af- + fīg- fasten + -sus, variant of -tus past participle suffix
Related forms
affixable, adjective
affixal
[a-fik-suh l] /æˈfɪk səl/ (Show IPA),
affixial
[a-fik-see-uh l] /æˈfɪk si əl/ (Show IPA),
adjective
affixer, noun
affixment, noun
reaffix, verb (used with object)
unaffixed, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for affixial

affix

verb (transitive; usually foll by to or on) (əˈfɪks)
1.
to attach, fasten, join, or stick: to affix a poster to the wall
2.
to add or append: to affix a signature to a document
3.
to attach or attribute (guilt, blame, etc)
noun (ˈæfɪks)
4.
a linguistic element added to a word or root to produce a derived or inflected form: -ment in establishment is a derivational affix; -s in drowns is an inflectional affix See also prefix, suffix, infix
5.
something fastened or attached; appendage
Derived Forms
affixation (ˌæfɪkˈseɪʃən), affixture (əˈfɪkstʃə) noun
Word Origin
C15: from Medieval Latin affixāre, from ad- to + fixāre to fix
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for affixial

affix

v.

1530s, from Medieval Latin affixare, frequentative of Latin affigere (past participle affixus) "fasten to, attach," from ad- "to" (see ad-) + figere "fasten" (see fix (v.)).

First used by Scottish writers and perhaps from Middle French affixer, a temporarily re-Latinized spelling of Old French afichier (Modern French afficher). Related: Affixed; affixing.

n.

1610s, from affix (v.).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for affixial

affix

a grammatical element that is combined with a word, stem, or phrase to produce derived and inflected forms. There are three types of affixes: prefixes, infixes, and suffixes. A prefix occurs at the beginning of a word or stem (sub-mit, pre-determine, un-willing); a suffix at the end (wonder-ful, depend-ent, act-ion); and an infix occurs in the middle. English has no infixes, but they are found in American Indian languages, Greek, Tagalog, and elsewhere. Examples of English inflectional suffixes are illustrated by the -s of "cats," the -er of "longer," and the -ed of "asked." See also morphology

Learn more about affix with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Word Value for affixial

21
22
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