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affricate

[n. af-ri-kit; v. af-ri-keyt] /n. ˈæf rɪ kɪt; v. ˈæf rɪˌkeɪt/
noun
1.
Also called affricative. a speech sound comprising occlusion, plosion, and frication, as either of the ch- sounds in church and the j- sound in joy.
verb (used with object), affricated, affricating.
2.
to change the pronunciation of (a stop) to an affricate, especially by releasing (the stop) slowly.
Origin
1875-1885
1875-85; < Latin affricātus rubbed against (past participle of affricāre), equivalent to af- af- + fric- (see friction) + -ātus -ate1
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for affricates
  • affricates are quite common around the world, though less common than fricatives.
British Dictionary definitions for affricates

affricate

/ˈæfrɪkɪt/
noun
1.
a composite speech sound consisting of a stop and a fricative articulated at the same point, such as the sound written ch, as in chair
Word Origin
C19: from Latin affricāre to rub against, from fricāre to rub; compare friction
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Encyclopedia Article for affricates

affricate

a consonant sound that begins as a stop (sound with complete obstruction of the breath stream) and concludes with a fricative (sound with incomplete closure and a sound of friction). Examples of affricates are the ch sound in English chair, which may be represented phonetically as a t sound followed by sh; the j in English jaw (a d followed by the zh sound heard in French jour or in English azure); and the ts sound often heard in German and spelled with z as in zehn, meaning ten

Learn more about affricate with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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0
19
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