|1.||the small hard seedlike fruit of a grass, esp a cereal plant|
|2.||a mass of such fruits, esp when gathered for food|
|3.||the plants, collectively, from which such fruits are harvested|
|4.||a small hard particle: a grain of sand|
|5.||a. the general direction or arrangement of the fibrous elements in paper or wood: to saw across the grain|
|b. the pattern or texture of wood resulting from such an arrangement: the attractive grain of the table|
|6.||the relative size of the particles of a substance: sugar of fine grain|
|7.||a. the granular texture of a rock, mineral, etc|
|b. the appearance of a rock, mineral, etc, determined by the size and arrangement of its constituents|
|8.||a. the outer (hair-side) layer of a hide or skin from which the hair or wool has been removed|
|b. the pattern on the outer surface of such a hide or skin|
|9.||a surface artificially imitating the grain of wood, leather, stone, etc; graining|
|10.||gr the smallest unit of weight in the avoirdupois, Troy, and apothecaries' systems, based on the average weight of a grain of wheat: in the avoirdupois system it equals 1/7000 of a pound, and in the Troy and apothecaries' systems it equals 1/5760 of a pound. 1 grain is equal to 0.0648 gram|
|11.||Also called: metric grain a metric unit of weight used for pearls or diamonds, equal to 50 milligrams or one quarter of a carat|
|12.||the threads or direction of threads in a woven fabric|
|13.||photog any of a large number of particles in a photographic emulsion, the size of which limit the extent to which an image can be enlarged without serious loss of definition|
|14.||television a granular effect in a television picture caused by electrical noise|
|15.||cleavage lines in crystalline material, parallel to growth planes|
|16.||chem any of a large number of small crystals forming a polycrystalline solid, each having a regular array of atoms that differs in orientation from that of the surrounding crystallites|
|17.||a state of crystallization: to boil syrup to the grain|
|18.||a very small amount: a grain of truth|
|19.||natural disposition, inclination, or character (esp in the phrase go against the grain)|
|20.||astronautics a homogenous mass of solid propellant in a form designed to give the required combustion characteristics for a particular rocket|
|21.||(not in technical usage) kermes or a red dye made from this insect|
|22.||dyeing an obsolete word for colour|
|23.||with a grain of salt, with a pinch of salt without wholly believing: sceptically|
|24.||(also intr) to form grains or cause to form into grains; granulate; crystallize|
|25.||to give a granular or roughened appearance or texture to|
|26.||to paint, stain, etc, in imitation of the grain of wood or leather|
|27.||a. to remove the hair or wool from (a hide or skin) before tanning|
|b. to raise the grain pattern on (leather)|
|[C13: from Old French, from Latin grānum]|
A small, dry, one-seeded fruit of a cereal grass, having the fruit and the seed walls united.
The fruits of cereal grasses especially after having been harvested, considered as a group.
A relatively small discrete particulate or crystalline mass.
Abbr. gr. A unit of weight in the U.S. Customary System, an avoirdupois unit equal to 0.002286 ounce (0.065 gram).
used, in Amos 9:9, of a small stone or kernel; in Matt. 13:31, of an individual seed of mustard; in John 12:24, 1 Cor. 15:37, of wheat. The Hebrews sowed only wheat, barley, and spelt; rye and oats are not mentioned in Scripture.