noun, plural agnomina [ag-nom-uh-nuh] .
an additional, fourth name given to a person by the ancient Romans in allusion to some achievement or other circumstance, as “Africanus” in “Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus.” Compare cognomen ( def 3 ).
a nickname.

1745–55; < Late Latin, equivalent to ad- ad- + nōmen name, with alteration to ag- through influence of agnōscere; see agnize

agnominal [ag-nom-uh-nl] , adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
agnomen (æɡˈnəʊmɛn)
n , pl -nomina
1.  cognomen nomen See also praenomen the fourth name or second cognomen occasionally acquired by an ancient Roman
2.  another word for nickname
[C18: from Late Latin, from ad- in addition to + nōmen name]

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