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agonize

[ag-uh-nahyz] /ˈæg əˌnaɪz/
verb (used without object), agonized, agonizing.
1.
to suffer extreme pain or anguish; be in agony.
2.
to put forth great effort of any kind.
verb (used with object), agonized, agonizing.
3.
to distress with extreme pain; torture.
Also, especially British, agonise.
Origin
1575-1585
1575-85; < Medieval Latin agōnizāre < Greek agōnízesthai to struggle (for a prize), equivalent to agōn- agon + -izesthai -ize
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for agonise

agonize

/ˈæɡəˌnaɪz/
verb
1.
to suffer or cause to suffer agony
2.
(intransitive) to make a desperate effort; struggle; strive
Derived Forms
agonizingly, agonisingly, adverb
Word Origin
C16: via Medieval Latin from Greek agōnizesthai to contend for a prize, from agōnagon
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for agonise

agonize

v.

1580s, "to torture," from Middle French agoniser or directly from Medieval Latin agonizare, from Greek agonizesthai "to contend in the struggle" (see agony). Intransitive sense of "to suffer physical pain" is recorded from 1660s. That of "to worry intensely" is from 1853. Related: Agonized; agonizing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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