|—n , pl -nies|
|1.||acute physical or mental pain; anguish|
|2.||the suffering or struggle preceding death|
|3.||informal (Brit) pile on the agony, put on the agony, turn on the agony to exaggerate one's distress for sympathy or greater effect|
|4.||(modifier) relating to or advising on personal problems about which people have written to the media: agony column; agony writer|
|[C14: via Late Latin from Greek agōnia struggle, from agōn contest]|
contest; wrestling; severe struggling with pain and suffering. Anguish is the reflection on evil that is already past, while agony is a struggle with evil at the time present. It is only used in the New Testament by Luke (22:44) to describe our Lord's fearful struggle in Gethsemane. The verb from which the noun "agony" is derived is used to denote an earnest endeavour or striving, as "Strive [agonize] to enter" (Luke 13:24); "Then would my servants fight" [agonize] (John 18:36). Comp. 1 Cor. 9:25; Col. 1:29; 4:12; 1 Tim. 6:12; 2 Tim. 4:7, where the words "striveth," "labour," "conflict," "fight," are the renderings of the same Greek verb.