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ailing

[ey-ling] /ˈeɪ lɪŋ/
adjective
1.
sickly; unwell.
2.
unsound or troubled:
a financially ailing corporation.
Origin of ailing
1590-1600
1590-1600; ail + -ing2

ail

[eyl] /eɪl/
verb (used with object)
1.
to cause pain, uneasiness, or trouble to.
verb (used without object)
2.
to be unwell; feel pain; be ill:
He's been ailing for some time.
Origin
before 950; Middle English ail, eilen, Old English eglan to afflict (cognate with Middle Low German egelen annoy, Gothic -agljan), derivative of egle painful; akin to Gothic agls shameful, Sanskrit aghám evil, pain
Can be confused
ale, ail, awl.
Synonyms
1. bother, annoy, distress.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for ailing

ailing

/ˈeɪlɪŋ/
adjective
1.
unwell or unsuccessful

ail

/eɪl/
verb
1.
(transitive) to trouble; afflict
2.
(intransitive) to feel unwell
Word Origin
Old English eglan to trouble, from egle troublesome, painful, related to Gothic agls shameful
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for ailing

ail

v.

c.1300, from Old English eglan "to trouble, plague, afflict," from Proto-Germanic *azljaz (cf. Old English egle "hideous, loathsome, troublesome, painful;" Gothic agls "shameful, disgraceful," agliþa "distress, affliction, hardship," us-agljan "to oppress, afflict"), from PIE *agh-lo-, suffixed form of root *agh- "to be depressed, be afraid." Related: Ailed; ailing; ails.

It is remarkable, that this word is never used but with some indefinite term, or the word no thing; as What ails him? ... Thus we never say, a fever ails him. [Johnson]

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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