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alarm

[uh-lahrm] /əˈlɑrm/
noun
1.
a sudden fear or distressing suspense caused by an awareness of danger; apprehension; fright.
2.
any sound, outcry, or information intended to warn of approaching danger:
Paul Revere raced through the countryside raising the alarm that the British were coming.
3.
an automatic device that serves to call attention, to rouse from sleep, or to warn of fire, smoke, an intruder, etc.
4.
a warning sound; signal for attention.
5.
Animal Behavior. any sound, outcry, chemical discharge, action, or other signal that functions to draw attention to a potential predator.
6.
Fencing. an appeal or a challenge made by a step or stamp on the ground with the advancing foot.
7.
Archaic. a call to arms.
verb (used with object)
8.
to make fearful or apprehensive; distress.
9.
to warn of danger; rouse to vigilance and swift measures for safety.
10.
to fit or equip with an alarm or alarms, as for fire, smoke, or robbery:
to alarm one's house and garage.
Origin of alarm
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English alarme, alarom < Middle French < Old Italian allarme, noun from phrase all'arme to (the) arms. See arm2
Related forms
alarmable, adjective
alarmedly
[uh-lahr-mid-lee] /əˈlɑr mɪd li/ (Show IPA),
adverb
prealarm, verb (used with object), noun
unalarmed, adjective
Synonyms
1. consternation; terror, panic. See fear. 8. See frighten.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for alarmed
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • “The captain and Mr Briscoe think there is nothing to be alarmed about,” was the reply.

    Old Gold George Manville Fenn
  • But Proserpina was so alarmed, that she wished for nothing but to get out of his reach.

    Tanglewood Tales Nathaniel Hawthorne
  • But young Ibsen was not a favorite even with the girls, whom he alarmed and disconcerted.

    Henrik Ibsen Edmund Gosse
  • I will not—Heaven forbid that I should alarm you as I have been alarmed!

  • His servant was alarmed by startling screams, entered his room, and found his master in fearful convulsions.

    A Love Story A Bushman
British Dictionary definitions for alarmed

alarm

/əˈlɑːm/
verb (transitive)
1.
to fill with apprehension, anxiety, or fear
2.
to warn about danger; alert
3.
to fit or activate a burglar alarm on a house, car, etc
noun
4.
fear or terror aroused by awareness of danger; fright
5.
apprehension or uneasiness: the idea of failing filled him with alarm
6.
a noise, signal, etc, warning of danger
7.
any device that transmits such a warning: a burglar alarm
8.
  1. the device in an alarm clock that triggers off the bell or buzzer
  2. short for alarm clock
9.
(archaic) a call to arms
10.
(fencing) a warning or challenge made by stamping the front foot
Derived Forms
alarming, adjective
alarmingly, adverb
Word Origin
C14: from Old French alarme, from Old Italian all'arme to arms; see arm²
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for alarmed
adj.

"disturbed by prospects of peril," 1640s, past participle adjective from alarm (v.).

alarm

n.

early 14c., from Old French alarme (14c.), from Italian all'arme "to arms!" (literally "to the arms"). An interjection that came to be used as the word for the call or warning (cf. alert). Extended 16c. to "any sound to warn of danger or to arouse." Weakened sense of "apprehension, unease" is from 1833. Variant alarum is due to the rolling -r- in the vocalized form. Sometimes in early years anglicized as all-arm. Alarm clock is attested from 1690s (as A Larum clock).

v.

1580s, from alarm (n.). Related: Alarmed; alarming.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Related Abbreviations for alarmed

ALARM

air-launched antiradiation missile
The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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alarmed in the Bible

a particular quivering sound of the silver trumpets to give warning to the Hebrews on their journey through the wilderness (Num. 10:5, 6), a call to arms, or a war-note (Jer. 4:19; 49:2; Zeph. 1:16).

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Idioms and Phrases with alarmed

alarm

The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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10
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