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1777, from Spanish or Portuguese albino, from Latin albus "white" (see alb). Used by Portuguese of white-spotted African negroes. Extended 1859 to animals having the same peculiarity. A female albino formerly was an albiness (1808).
albino al·bi·no (āl-bī'nō)
n. pl. al·bi·nos
A person or an animal lacking normal pigmentation, resulting in abnormally pale or white skin and hair and pink or blue eyes with a deep-red pupil.
An organism lacking normal pigmentation or coloration. Animals that are albinos lack pigmentation due to a congenital absence of melanin. In humans and other mammals, albinos have white hair, pale skin, and usually pinkish eyes. Plants that are albinos lack normal amounts of chlorophyll or other pigments.
albinism noun (āl'bə-nĭz'əm)