a person who is versed in or practices alchemy.

1350–1400; Middle English alkamist; probably < Medieval Latin alchymista, equivalent to alchym(ia) alchemy + -ista -ist Unabridged

Alchemist, The

a comedy (1610) by Ben Jonson. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
alchemist (ˈælkəmɪst)
a person who practises alchemy

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

1510s, from O.Fr. alquemiste, from M.L. alchimista (see alchemy). Earlier forms were alchemister (late 14c.), alkanamyer (late 15c.).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Alchemists tried to produce a potion from ground jade-the elixir of life-that
  would grant immortality.
Alchemists looking for gold and look where chemistry is today.
So, you know, the ancient alchemists were trying to turn everything into gold.
When alchemists invented distilling, they were trying to boil out the essential
  spirits that lived within all matter.
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