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Fleming

[flem-ing] /ˈflɛm ɪŋ/
noun
1.
Sir Alexander, 1881–1955, Scottish bacteriologist and physician: discoverer of penicillin 1928; Nobel Prize in Medicine 1945.
2.
Ian (Lancaster) 1908–64, British writer of suspense novels.
3.
Peggy (Gale) born 1948, U.S. figure skater.

Korda

[kawr-duh] /ˈkɔr də/
noun
1.
Sir Alexander (Sándor Kellner) 1893–1956, British film producer, born in Hungary.

Mackenzie

[muh-ken-zee] /məˈkɛn zi/
noun
1.
Sir Alexander, 1764–1820, Scottish explorer in Canada.
2.
Alexander, 1822–92, Canadian statesman, born in Scotland: prime minister 1873–78.
3.
William Lyon, 1795–1861, Canadian political leader and journalist, born in Scotland.
4.
a river in NW Canada, flowing NW from the Great Slave Lake to the Arctic Ocean. 1120 miles (1800 km) long; with tributaries 2525 miles (4065 km) long.
5.
a district in the SW Northwest Territories of Canada. 527,490 sq. mi. (1,366,200 sq. km).

Alexander

[al-ig-zan-der, -zahn-] /ˌæl ɪgˈzæn dər, -ˈzɑn-/
noun
2.
Also, Alexandros. Classical Mythology. Homeric name for Paris.
3.
Franz
[frants,, franz,, frahnts] /frænts,, frænz,, frɑnts/ (Show IPA),
1891–1964, U.S. psychoanalyst, born in Hungary.
4.
Grover Cleveland, 1887–1950, U.S. baseball player.
5.
Sir Harold R. L. G (Alexander of Tunis) 1891–1969, English field marshal.
6.
Samuel, 1859–1938, British philosopher.
7.
William, 1726–83, general in the American Revolution.
8.
a male given name: from a Greek word meaning “defender of men.”.

Bustamante

[boo s-tuh-mahn-tey; for 1 also Spanish boos-tah-mahn-te] /ˌbʊs təˈmɑn teɪ; for 1 also Spanish ˌbus tɑˈmɑn tɛ/
noun
1.
Anastasio
[ah-nahs-tah-syaw] /ˌɑ nɑsˈtɑ syɔ/ (Show IPA),
1780–1853, Mexican military and political leader: president 1830–32, 1837–41.
2.
Sir (William) Alexander, 1884–1977, Jamaican political leader: prime minister 1962–67.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for alexander, sir

Alexander

/ˌælɪɡˈzɑːndə/
noun
1.
Harold (Rupert Leofric George), Earl Alexander of Tunis. 1891–1969, British field marshal in World War II, who organized the retreat from Dunkirk and commanded in North Africa (1943) and Sicily and Italy (1944–45); governor general of Canada (1946–52); British minister of defence (1952–54)

Fleming1

/ˈflɛmɪŋ/
noun
1.
a native or inhabitant of Flanders or a Flemish-speaking Belgian Compare Walloon
Word Origin
C14: from Middle Dutch Vlaminc

Fleming2

/ˈflɛmɪŋ/
noun
1.
Sir Alexander. 1881–1955, Scottish bacteriologist: discovered lysozyme (1922) and penicillin (1928): shared the Nobel prize for physiology or medicine in 1945
2.
Ian (Lancaster). 1908–64, English author of spy novels; creator of the secret agent James Bond
3.
Sir John Ambrose. 1849–1945, English electrical engineer: invented the thermionic valve (1904)
4.
Renée. born 1959, US operatic soprano and songwriter

Korda

/ˈkɔːdə/
noun
1.
Sir Alexander, real name Sandor Kellner. 1893–1956, British film producer and director, born in Hungary: his films include The Scarlet Pimpernel (1934), Anna Karenina (1948), and The Third Man (1949)

Mackenzie1

/məˈkɛnzɪ/
noun
1.
a river in NW Canada, in the Northwest Territories and Nunavut, flowing northwest from Great Slave Lake to the Beaufort Sea: the longest river in Canada; navigable in summer. Length: 1770 km (1100 miles)

Mackenzie2

/məˈkɛnzɪ/
noun
1.
Sir Alexander. ?1755–1820, Scottish explorer and fur trader in Canada. He explored the Mackenzie River (1789) and was the first European to cross America north of Mexico (1793)
2.
Alexander. 1822–92, Canadian statesman; first Liberal prime minister (1873–78)
3.
Sir Compton. 1883–1972, English author. His works include Sinister Street (1913–14) and the comic novel Whisky Galore (1947)
4.
Sir Thomas. 1854–1930, New Zealand statesman born in Scotland: prime minister of New Zealand (1912)
5.
William Lyon. 1795–1861, Canadian journalist and politician, born in Scotland. He led an unsuccessful rebellion against the oligarchic Family Compact (1837)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for alexander, sir

Alexander

masc. proper name, from Latin, from Greek Alexandros "defender of men," from alexein "to ward off, keep off, turn (something) away, defend, protect" + aner (genitive andros) "man" (see anthropo-). The first element is related to Greek alke "protection, help, strength, power, courage," alkimos "strong;" cognate with Sanskrit raksati "protects," Old English ealgian "to defend." As a kind of cocktail, it is attested from 1930.

Fleming

n.

Old English Flæming "native or inhabitant of Flanders," and Old Frisian Fleming, from Proto-Germanic *Flam- (cf. Medieval Latin Flamingus); see Flanders.

Mackenzie

river in Canada, named for Scottish fur trader and explorer Sir Alexander Mackenzie (1764-1820) who discovered and explored it 1789.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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alexander, sir in Medicine

Fleming Flem·ing (flěm'ĭng), Sir Alexander. 1881-1955.

British bacteriologist who discovered penicillin in 1928. He shared a 1945 Nobel Prize for this achievement.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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alexander, sir in Science
Fleming
  (flěm'ĭng)   
Scottish bacteriologist who discovered penicillin in 1928. The drug was developed and purified 11 years later by Howard Florey and Ernst Chain, with whom Fleming shared the 1945 Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine. Fleming was also the first to administer typhoid vaccines to humans.

Our Living Language  : Many famous scientific discoveries come about by accident, and such was the case with penicillin. The first and still best-known antibiotic, penicillin is a natural substance excreted by a type of mold of the genus Penicillium. It so happened that a Scottish bacteriologist, Alexander Fleming, was doing research on staphylococcal bacteria in the late 1920s and noticed that one culture had become contaminated with some mold. What was curious was that there was a circular area around the mold that was free of bacterial growth. After some investigation, Fleming discerned that the mold was excreting a substance deadly to the bacteria, and he named it penicillin in the mold's honor. Fleming had already discovered another natural antibacterial substance a few years earlier in 1921—lysozyme, an enzyme contained in tears and saliva. But the discovery of penicillin was of far greater importance, although its impact was not fully felt right away because Fleming lacked the equipment necessary to isolate the active compound and to synthesize it in quantities that could be used medicinally. This happened a dozen years later during World War II and stimulated the development of new drugs that could fight infections transmitted on the battlefield. Two other scientists, Ernst Chain and Howard Florey, were responsible for this further work, and together with Fleming the three shared the 1945 Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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alexander, sir in the Bible

man-defender. (1.) A relative of Annas the high priest, present when Peter and John were examined before the Sanhedrim (Acts 4:6). (2.) A man whose father, Simon the Cyrenian, bore the cross of Christ (Mark 15:21). (3.) A Jew of Ephesus who took a prominent part in the uproar raised there by the preaching of Paul (Acts 19:33). The Jews put him forward to plead their cause before the mob. It was probably intended that he should show that he and the other Jews had no sympathy with Paul any more than the Ephesians had. It is possible that this man was the same as the following. (4.) A coppersmith who, with Hymenaeus and others, promulgated certain heresies regarding the resurrection (1 Tim. 1:19; 2 Tim. 4:14), and made shipwreck of faith and of a good conscience. Paul excommunicated him (1 Tim. 1:20; comp. 1 Cor. 5:5).

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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