alexis carrel

Carrel

[kuh-rel, kar-uhl; French ka-rel]
noun
Alexis [uh-lek-sis; French a-lek-see] , 1873–1944, French surgeon and biologist, in U.S. 1905–39: Nobel Prize 1912.
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World English Dictionary
carrel or carrell (ˈkærəl)
 
n
a small individual study room or private desk, often in a library, where a student or researcher can work undisturbed
 
[C16: a variant of carol]
 
carrell or carrell
 
n
 
[C16: a variant of carol]

Carrel (kəˈrɛl, ˈkærəl, French karɛl)
 
n
Alexis (əˈlɛksɪs; French alɛksi). 1873--1944, French surgeon and biologist, active in the US (1905--39): developed a method of suturing blood vessels, making the transplantation of arteries and organs possible: Nobel prize for physiology or medicine 1912

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

carrel
1590s, from M.L. carula "small study in a cloister," perhaps from L. corolla "little crown, garland," used in various senses of "ring" (e.g. of Stonehenge: "þis Bretons renged about þe feld, þe karole of þe stones beheld," 1330); extended to precincts and spaces enclosed by rails,
etc. Specific sense of "private cubicle in a library" is from 1919.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

Carrel Car·rel (kə-rěl', kār'əl), Alexis. 1873-1944.

French-born American surgeon and biologist. He won a 1912 Nobel Prize for his work on vascular ligature and grafting of blood vessels and organs.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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