Word Origin & History
1690s, from Fr. algorithme, refashioned (under mistaken connection with Gk. arithmos "number") from O.Fr. algorisme "the Arabic numeral system," from M.L. algorismus, a mangled transliteration of Arabic al-Khwarizmi "native of Khwarazm," surname of the mathematician whose works introduced sophisticated
mathematics to the West (see algebra
). The earlier form in M.E. was algorism (early 13c.), from O.Fr. Modern use of algorithmic to describe symbolic rules or language is from 1881.