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city, west-central Uttar Pradesh state, northern India. It lies southeast of Delhi. The city itself is usually called Koil, or Kol; Aligarh is the name of a nearby fort. The city is an agricultural trade centre; the processing of agricultural products and manufacturing are also important. Aligarh Muslim University (1875) and its affiliated colleges are located there, as are a number of other degree colleges. Another old fort, the Dor fortress (1524), now in ruins, lies at the city's centre; its site is occupied by an 18th-century mosque. The city also contains tombs of Muslim saints. Wheat, barley, and other crops are grown in the surrounding area. Pop. (1991) 480,520.