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alignment

[uh-lahyn-muh nt] /əˈlaɪn mənt/
noun
1.
an adjustment to a line; arrangement in a straight line.
2.
the line or lines so formed.
3.
the proper adjustment of the components of an electronic circuit, machine, etc., for coordinated functioning:
The front wheels of the car are out of alignment.
4.
a state of agreement or cooperation among persons, groups, nations, etc., with a common cause or viewpoint.
5.
a ground plan of a railroad or highway.
6.
Archaeology. a line or an arrangement of parallel or converging lines of upright stones or menhirs.
Also, alinement.
Origin
1780-1790
1780-90; align + -ment; replacing earlier alignement < French
Related forms
nonalinement, noun
realignment, noun
self-alignment, noun
self-alinement, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for alignments

alignment

/əˈlaɪnmənt/
noun
1.
arrangement in a straight line
2.
the line or lines formed in this manner
3.
alliance or union with a party, cause, etc
4.
proper or desirable coordination or relation of components
5.
a ground plan of a railway, motor road, etc
6.
(archaeol) an arrangement of one or more ancient rows of standing stones, of uncertain significance
7.
(psychol) integration or harmonization of aims, practices, etc within a group
8.
(psychol) identification with or matching of the behaviour, thoughts, etc of another person
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for alignments

alignment

n.

1790, "arrangement in a line," from French alignement, from aligner (see align). Political sense is from 1933.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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13
18
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