allegory

[al-uh-gawr-ee, -gohr-ee]
noun, plural allegories.
1.
a representation of an abstract or spiritual meaning through concrete or material forms; figurative treatment of one subject under the guise of another.
2.
a symbolical narrative: the allegory of Piers Plowman.
3.
emblem ( def 3 ).

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English allegorie < Latin allēgoria < Greek allēgoría, derivative of allēgoreîn to speak so as to imply something other. See allo-, agora; Greek agoreúein to speak, proclaim, orig. meant to act (e.g., speak) in the assembly


2. fable, parable.
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World English Dictionary
allegory (ˈælɪɡərɪ)
 
n , pl -ries
1.  a poem, play, picture, etc, in which the apparent meaning of the characters and events is used to symbolize a deeper moral or spiritual meaning
2.  the technique or genre that this represents
3.  use of such symbolism to illustrate truth or a moral
4.  anything used as a symbol or emblem
 
[C14: from Old French allegorie, from Latin allēgoria, from Greek, from allēgorein to speak figuratively, from allos other + agoreuein to make a speech in public, from agora a public gathering]
 
'allegorist
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

allegory
late 14c., from O.Fr. allegorie, from L. allegoria, from Gk. allegoria "figurative language, description of one thing under the image of another," lit. "a speaking about something else," from allos "another, different" (see alias) + agoreuein "speak openly, speak in the assembly,"
from agora "assembly."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
allegory [(al-uh-gawr-ee)]

A story that has a deeper or more general meaning in addition to its surface meaning. Allegories are composed of several symbols or metaphors. For example, in The Pilgrim's Progress, by John Bunyan, the character named Christian struggles to escape from a bog or swamp. The story of his difficulty is a symbol of the difficulty of leading a good life in the “bog” of this world. The “bog” is a metaphor or symbol of life's hardships and distractions. Similarly, when Christian loses a heavy pack that he has been carrying on his back, this symbolizes his freedom from the weight of sin that he has been carrying.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Easton
Bible Dictionary

Allegory definition


used only in Gal. 4:24, where the apostle refers to the history of Isaac the free-born, and Ishmael the slave-born, and makes use of it allegorically. Every parable is an allegory. Nathan (2 Sam. 12:1-4) addresses David in an allegorical narrative. In the eightieth Psalm there is a beautiful allegory: "Thou broughtest a vine out of Egypt," etc. In Eccl. 12:2-6, there is a striking allegorical description of old age.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Example sentences
Then, click, you realize: Martel knows exactly what he's doing in this lean
  little allegory about a talking donkey and monkey.
There's plenty of allegory that is also great literature.
One part intriguing allegory to nine parts gore, zombie films are hard to love.
Additionally, it's an allegory for freedom and sacrifice.
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