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allotype

[al-uh-tahyp] /ˈæl əˌtaɪp/
noun
1.
Biology. a type specimen of the sex opposite to that of the holotype.
2.
Immunology. an antibody of a given class having certain molecular sites shared by only some members of a species and therefore acting as an antigen to other members of the same species.
Origin
1915-1920
1915-20; allo- + type; in immunological sense, probably back formation from allotypy < French allotypie, coined in 1956
Related forms
allotypic
[al-uh-tip-ik] /ˌæl əˈtɪp ɪk/ (Show IPA),
adjective
allotypically, adverb
allotypy
[al-uh-tahy-pee] /ˈæl əˌtaɪ pi/ (Show IPA),
noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for allotype
  • The original description refers only to an allotype and compares paratypes to it, but does not mention a holotype.
British Dictionary definitions for allotype

allotype

/ˈæləˌtaɪp/
noun
1.
(biology) an additional type specimen selected because of differences from the original type specimen, such as opposite sex or morphological details
2.
(immunol) any of the variant forms of a particular immunoglobulin found among members of the same species
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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allotype in Medicine

allotype al·lo·type (āl'ə-tīp')
n.
Any of the genetically determined antigenic differences within a given class of immunoglobulin that occur among members of the same species.


al'lo·typ'ic (-tĭp'ĭk) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Word Value for allotype

13
15
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