(1.) The father of James the Less, the apostle and writer of the epistle (Matt. 10:3; Mark 3:18; Luke 6:15; Acts 1:13), and the husband of Mary (John 19:25). The Hebrew form of this name is Cleopas, or Clopas (q.v.). (2.) The father of Levi, or Matthew (Mark 2:14).
And as he passed by, he saw Levi the son of alphaeus sitting at the place of toll, and he saith unto him, "Follow me."
And on the ground that Clopas is another form of the name alphaeus, this James has been thought by some to be the same as 2.