|1.||a purple or violet transparent variety of quartz used as a gemstone. Formula: SiO2|
|2.||a purple variety of sapphire; oriental amethyst|
|3.||the purple colour of amethyst|
|[C13: from Old French amatiste, from Latin amethystus, from Greek amethustos, literally: not drunken, from |
|amethyst (ām'ə-thĭst) Pronunciation Key
A purple or violet, transparent form of quartz used as a gemstone. The color is caused by the presence of iron compounds in the crystal structure.
one of the precious stones in the breastplate of the high priest (Ex. 28:19; 39:12), and in the foundation of the New Jerusalem (Rev. 21:20). The ancients thought that this stone had the power of dispelling drunkenness in all who wore or touched it, and hence its Greek name formed from _a_, "privative," and _methuo_, "to get drunk." Its Jewish name, _ahlamah'_, was derived by the rabbins from the Hebrew word _halam_, "to dream," from its supposed power of causing the wearer to dream. It is a pale-blue crystallized quartz, varying to a dark purple blue. It is found in Persia and India, also in different parts of Europe.