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city, capital of Samsun il (province), northern Turkey. The largest city on the southern coast of the Black Sea, Samsun lies between the deltas of the Kizil and Yesil rivers. Amisus, which stood on a promontory just northwest of the modern city centre, was founded in the 7th century BC; after Sinop it was the most flourishing Milesian colony on the Euxine (Black) Sea. After Alexander the Great's conquest of Asia Minor in the 4th century BC, it came under the kings of Pontus and continued to prosper until burned down by its defenders when captured by the Romans in 71 BC.